THE CONSTRUCT VALIDITY OF THREE DIMENSIONS CURRENTLY STUDIED IN THE AREA OF LEADERSHIP RESEARCH.
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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The major purpose of this study was to examine the reliabilities, and relative construct validities of certain measures used in the present day research on leadership. The results presented indicate that the variables under consideration task-oriented and interpersonal-related behavior and group climate have relatively low reliabilities and an almost complete lack of relative construct validity. There is also some evidence for the statement that the member and observer ratings of the same stimulus are more similar to each other than to the ratings made by the leader. The results from this study are based upon ratings by ad hoc group members of a relatively short interaction situation. The leaders are also arbitrarily assigned rather than elected or appointed by management. The data do seem to indicate that one must proceed with caution when ratings of one type or another are used. It is apparent that different methods of observation produce different ratings. Inferences made from these ratings should, therefore, be judged accordingly. Author