LEADER AND MEMBER ATTITUDES TOWARD CO-WORKERS, INTERGROUP COMPETITION, AND THE EFFECTIVENESS AND ADJUSTMENT OF MILITARY SQUADS.
ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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This study investigated the joint effects of 1 the squad leaders esteem for his least preferred co-worker leader LPC, 2 the mean LPC of the squad members member LPC, and 3 the effect of intergroup competition on the adjustment, interpersonal relations, and task effectiveness of combat engineer training squads. The results showed that 1 squads with high LPC members made more frequent within-squad sociometric choices and had greater esteem for the squad leader than did low LPC squads, 2 leader LPC and intergroup competition interacted to affect adjustment and task effectiveness in that squads with high LPC leaders were superior in the non-competitive condition, whereas squads with low LPC leaders were superior in the competitive condition, 3 leader and member LPC interacted to some extent in that squads with low LPC leaders and members tended to have poor interpersonal relations and low squad cohesiveness, 4 squad member LPC and competition did not interact, nor was the triple interaction significant.