PROPERTIES OF VENEZUELAN EQUINE ENCEPHALOMYELITIS VIRUS GROWN IN VIVO
FORT DETRICK FREDERICK MD
Pagination or Media Count:
One intracerebral passage of either the parent egg seed PES or an attenuated variant 10t of the Trinidad strain of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis VEE virus in young adult mice produced progeny that were no longer differentiated unequivocally on the basis of plaque size. Plaques averaging about 2 mm in diameter, which was somewhat smaller than those formed by the PES virus and larger than those of the 10t strain, were formed by both strains. Seven serial passages of the PES virus in mouse brain failed to alter its virulence appreciably. In contrast, passage in mouse brain progressively changed the properties of the attenuated 10t strain. A substrain was isolated that possessed virulence similar to that of the PES virus and formed small plaques similar to those of the 10t strain. These findings showed a unique dissociation between the plaque size and virulence of the 10t strain. The new substrain differed from the PES virus and the 10t strain in its capacity for growth in mouse tissues following intraperitoneal inoculation. The substrain multiplied poorly in splenic tissue, which supports growth of the PES and 10t strains, but grew to high titers in the brain, which does not support appreciable growth of the 10t strain.
- Anatomy and Physiology