Pyrotechnic Thermal Generation: CS Mixtures
Technical memo. Nov 1963-Mar 1965
EDGEWOOD ARSENAL ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD
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The objective of this study was to devise a stable, efficient, intimate pyrotechnic mixture containing agent CS for use in various types of elastomeric and small munitions. A number of intimate CS pyrotechnic mixtures were prepared and loaded into 3-in. elastomeric spheres or 3-in. aluminum cannisters. These units were placed into surveillance at either ambient temperatures or 160 deg F for various time intervals. Pyrotechnic mixtures containing cane sugar are more effective in the tunnel dissemination of CS when kaolin is present in the mixture than when magnesium carbonate is used. These sugar-kaolin mixtures show equally good returns as those mixtures containing lactose-kaolin. A number of CS-intimate mixtures evaluated for this study show high vaporization efficiencies and excellent surveillance characteristics. Surveillance studies with the agent CS lactose-kaolin pyrotechnic mixture indicate stability when stored in aluminum, Viton B elastomer and butyl elastomer and unsatisfactory storage conditions when stored in natural latex containers.
- Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare