The Use of Coral as an Aggregate for Portland Cement Concrete Structures
CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
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The investigation documents the experience gained by the Corps of Engineers and the Navy since World War II in the use of coral as an aggregate for portland cement concrete. The approach was to evaluate relevant literature and construction and inspection records, visit construction and material preparation sites, evaluate existing coral concrete structures, and analyze coral aggregate and coral concrete samples in the laboratory. The results of the investigation indicate that coral has successfully been used as an aggregate for concrete in vertical construction. The only significant type of deterioration observed in coral concrete structures was the cracking and spalling of concrete associated with corroding reinforcing steel. The severity of the corrosion- spalling problem was sufficient in some cases to affect structural integrity, while in other cases little or no deterioration was observed. For the most part specifications and construction techniques currently being used for production of coral aggregate and coral concrete are similar to specifications and techniques for conventional aggregate and concrete.
- Construction Equipment, Materials and Supplies
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology