Birth Order and Achievement: A Study of the Effects of Family Constellation and Related Variables on the Achievement of Officer Students at the Naval Postgraduate School.
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CALIF
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A study was made possible differences between the achievement of first-, only-, and last-born children. Middle-born children appeared to do less well in academic achievement, but their occupational achievement did not differ significantly from the other birth-order groups. Sibling-identification may affect the occupational achievement of last-born offspring, while parental activity appears to influence the achievement of first- and only-born children. Other relationships are also discussed. Modified author abstract