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The Dynamics of Non-spherical Particles. 1. Controlled Generation of Non-spherical Aerosols and Methods for Their Size, Concentration and Electric Charge Measurement

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Final technical rept.

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The typical features of the motion of a nonspherical aerosol particle are discussed, an overall aim concerning its behavior in systems of importance for human environment is stated and a preliminary objective of studying methods for generation, size measurement, determination of concentration and assessment of electric charge is set. Previous investigations in these lines are reviewed. Starting with model shapes, there were produced by solution spray-drying almost perfect cubes or parallelpipeds and, by suspension gas atomization, cylindrical particles of glass fibers. Dispersion of powders by air turbulence was treated theoretically and a computational investigation of the adhesional energy between two parallelpipeds at various mutual orientations begun. The size parameters of the produced particles were determined. A way of assessing the electric charge of a nonspherical particle is analyzed in view of the specificity of its motion and the relation to the principal translational resistances brought out. The effect of Brownian rotation on the translation of an aerosol particle was discussed. An apparatus for the determination of the principal resistances of a nonspherical particle at various Knudsen numbers has been constructed and a mathematical procedure for the elucidation of results developed.

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  • Physical Chemistry

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