Conceptualizing Organizational Climate.
MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Part 1 of the paper presents some logical and conceptual distinctions between job satisfaction and organizational climate, the former being viewed as micro, evaluative, individual perceptions of personal events and experiences, the latter as macro, relatively descriptive, organization level perceptions that are abstractions of organizational practices and procedures. Part 2 proposes a formal definition of climate as meaningful perceptions or concepts people share and which function to help adapt people to an organization. The structuralism, functionalism and gestalt schools of psychology are each reviewed and the implications of each school for the definition of climate and climate research methods and theory are indicated. Modified author abstract