Chemical Characterization of the Particulate Matter in the Near Bottom Nepheloid Layer of the Gulf of Mexico.
TEXAS A AND M UNIV COLLEGE STATION DEPT OF OCEANOGRAPHY
Pagination or Media Count:
During cruises 71-A-12 and 73-A-3 of the RV Alaminos eighty six samples of suspended matter at eleven near bottom stations in the Gulf of Mexico and northwestern Caribbean Sea were collected, and simultaneously, values for light scattering were measured. Selected samples of the suspended matter were analyzed for particulate aluminum, silicon, iron, calcium, magnesium, organic carbon and inorganic carbon. The results indicate that a permanent but highly variable near bottom nepheloid layer exists in the Gulf of Mexico but not in the northwestern Caribbean Sea. Average total suspended loads in the Gulf of Mexico nepheloid layer are two times higher than in the clear water above the nepheloid layer. Time studies over periods of one week and one and one-half years showed large total suspended matter variations which indicate that non steady-state processes, primarily vertical eddy diffusion and possibly advection, are controlling the distribution of suspended matter in the nepheloid layer. Modified author abstract
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography