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An Ultra-Low-Noise Preamplifier Using Superconducting Quantum Devices.
HARVARD UNIV CAMBRIDGE MASS DIV OF ENGINEERING AND APPLIED PHYSICS
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The application of superconducting SQUID galvanometers as low-noise preamplifiers with considerable bandwidth is explored. The important role of negative feedback in maximizing the bandwidth of these preamplifiers is carefully analyzed. Also discussed is the design and construction of superconducting impedance matching transformers suitable for making the unexcelled noise characteristics of these amplifiers available over a wide range of source impedances. A working preamplifier is described which has exhibited a maximum bandwidth of 10 k Hz and noise temperatures in the liquid helium temperature range or below for all source impedances up to a few ohms. The operating characteristics of this preamplifier are compared to the best conventional room temperature amplifiers and are found to be superior for source impedances less than approximately 10 ohms. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE