Black and White Differences in Motivation: An Expectancy Approach.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Expectancy models of job effort, satisfaction and performance were used to examine differences in motivational antecedents for blacks and whites in a variety of organizational settings. These models measure what individuals believe will lead to rewards in their job setting and how much they value these rewards. In general, it was found that very few differences existed over different organizational types and levels. What clearly appeared was that blacks at upper level managerial positions were more satisfied, worked harder and had better performance ratings than their white counterparts. No differences or the reverse was found for professional and clerical levels. These results are explained in terms of a contingency theory of organizational rewards. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations