Local Stress-Strain Approach to Cumulative Fatigue Damage Analysis
Final rept. 26 Sep 1969-21 Jun 1971
ILLINOIS UNIV AT URBANA DEPT OF THEORETICAL AND APPLIED MECHANICS
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A cumulative fatigue damage procedure for estimating the fatigue crack initiation life of notched structural members subjected to known load histories is outlined. This procedure assumes that a knowledge of the local cyclic stress-strain response of the metal at the most severely strained region in a member is sufficient to predict when a crack will form there. Some of the steps in this procedure that are of current interest and which are especially applicable to a local stress-strain approach are discussed. Alternative, approximate andor abbreviated steps in the cumulative fatigue damage procedure are given wherever possible. Limitations of the method and areas where research is needed are pointed out. Cumulative fatigue test results for smooth specimens, notched plates and built-up box beams are compared to life calculations made using the local stress-strain approach. Cyclic deformation and fracture properties, used in the analysis, were obtained from tests on a limited number of axially loaded unnotched specimens. These examples indicate that a cumulative fatigue damage analysis based on the local stress-strain approach employing a minimum amount of materials test data can be used to make reasonable life estimates for members similar to many practical structural members.
- Metallurgy and Metallography