Short-Term Engineering Behavior of a Deep-Sea Calcareous Sediment.
NAVAL CIVIL ENGINEERING LAB PORT HUENEME CALIF
Pagination or Media Count:
The engineering index parameters, primary consolidation properties, and effective-stress strength properties of a deep-sea calcareous sediment are reported. This short-term engineering property description of the sediment is the first stage of an in-depth study of creep behavior of this sediment during consolidation and shear. The calcareous sediment sample has been classified as an inorganic silt, according to the Unified Soil Classification System. The compression index Cc, is 0.80 empirical correlations from terrestrial engineering between Cc and other, easily and rapidly-measured index parameters may be in error by 30. The effective angle of internal friction, phi, of the sediment, when normally consolidated, is 0.65 radians 37 degrees. No significant crushing of the hollow Foraminifera tests shells comprising the coarse-size fraction of the sediment was noted in the consolidation tests up to stresses of 1530 kPa 32,000 psf. It was demonstrated, however, that this coarse-size fraction does undergo significant crushing if the material finer than 0.043 millimeter is removed, suggesting that the fine-size fraction acts to distribute load on the coarse-size, test shell surfaces. Author
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography