Seismic Studies. Part 1: Seismic and Acoustic Data Processing for Determination of CPA (Closest Point of Approach) and MR (Multi-Range) Vehicle Tracking Parameters.
Final rept. 19 Mar-15 Jul 73,
ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH INST OF MICHIGAN ANN ARBOR
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Existing seismic and acoustic vehicle signature data have been examined for characteristics which will yield two tracking parameters closest point of approach CPA and multi-range MR. MR refers to a pair of times which correspond to two vehiclesensor ranges of known ratio. Several signal characteristics were investigated for their utility as predicters of CPA and MR. Signal processing characteristics of peak and time amplitude ratios were found to be useful for CPA and MR identification respectively. A processor was developed to smooth the signal to an integration rate. The time between fixed-size integration segments becomes proportional to an average signal level. While other characteristics were found to produce good CPA and MR times at short ranges, only the integration process was suitable at long ranges 200 m. However, to obtain CPA and MR times sufficiently accurate for an existing tracking algorithm will require more developmental testing and optimization than could be provided within the limits of this study. Preliminary work was also conducted on an acoustic bearing measurement device. Simulation results demonstrated that bearing could be accurately determined using a short-based microphone array. Author
- Acoustic Detection and Detectors
- Seismic Detection and Detectors