Responses, Responding Units, and Settings: Basic Ingredients in Organizational Research.
CALIFORNIA UNIV BERKELEY INST OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS
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An attempt was made to provide a framework for understanding research on behavior in organizations. This framework, with its attendant language, is intended to suggest research strategies appropriate for analyzing antecedent conditions and consequences of individual and organizational characteristics. In addition, application of the framework should suggest those vectors used to characterize responding units and environments which are badly in need of conceptual and empirical development. An argument was presented for the simultaneous assessment of the effects of responding units and environments on multivariate response surfaces. Examples of the kind of research which might be designed using this framework were presented and suggestions made about broadly defined content areas in need of research attention. Finally, a discussion of relationships among organizations and their societal context on the one hand and the lives of their members on the other was presented.