Flare Effectiveness Factors: A Guide to Improved Utilization for Visual Target Acquisition
AIR FORCE AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH
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The paper extracts, integrates, and evaluates current research data that pertain to the more effective design and utilization of illuminating flares. The principal criterion of effectiveness is the improved capability for air-to-ground visual acquisition of targets. Various research techniques for gathering data on flare effectiveness have been considered and relevant factors reviewed under the major heading of candle composition, deployment, winddrift, atmosphere, target, and observer. The information contained herein is addressed to those Armed Forces personnel who study, design, and use systems involving illuminating flares for target acquisition. It provides guidance on flare effectiveness, reviews current research programs, and suggests areas requiring further investigation.