The Air Reserve as an All-Volunteer Force.
AIR FORCE HUMAN RESOURCES LAB BROOKS AFB TEX
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In order to assess the effect of an all-volunteer concept on the Reserve force, an attitude survey was administered to a random sample of USAFR and ANG non-prior service 1970 enlistees to determine their attitudes and opinions about the military in general and the Air Force in particular. Biographical, socio-economic, aptitudinal and attitudinal data were analyzed by draft vulnerability category and expressed attitude toward volunteer military service. Analyses indicated a general lowering of aptitude and educational level in the reduced quantity of enlistees who will volunteer for Reserve duty. However, intensified recruitment of minority groups, which now constitute less than five percent of the Reserve force, might supplement any projected decrease in numbers of enlisted accessions. Various negative aspects such as military discipline, salary, and interference with civilian job were indicated as contributing factors to non-reenlistment in the Reserve force. A survey of inducements to reenlist as preferred by the sample indicated increased pay, veterans benefits on retirement, and reenlistment bonuses may be effective in increasing Reserve retention rates. Certain non-monetary benefits such as completion of education at the governments expense, or guaranteed promotions may be quite effective in inducing prospective Reserve enlistees to volunteer for the Regular Air Force in lieu of their Reserve tour. Modified author abstract
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations