The Solution of Viscous Incompressible Jet and Free Surface Flows Using Finite Element Methods.
BROWN UNIV PROVIDENCE R I DEPT OF ENGINEERING
Pagination or Media Count:
The authors discuss the creation of a finite element program suitable for solving incompressible, viscous free surface problems in steady axisymmetric or plane flows. For convenience in extending program capability to non-Newtonian flow, non-zero Reynolds numbers, and transient flow, a Galerkin formulation of the governing equations is chosen, rather than an extremum principle. The resulting program is used to solve the Newtonian die-swell problem for creeping jets free of surface tension constraints. The authors conclude that a Newtonian jet expands about 13, in substantial agreement with experiments made with both small finite Reynolds numbers and small ratios of surface tension to viscous forces. The solutions to the related stick-slip problem and the tube inlet problem, both of which also contain stress singularities, are also given. Modified author abstract
- Fluid Mechanics