Analytical Study of Icing Simulation for Turbine Engines in Altitude Test Cells
Final rept. Jun 1971-Jun 1972
ARNOLD ENGINEERING DEVELOPMENT CENTER ARNOLD AFB TN
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An analytical study of simulated icing for turbine engines in altitude test cells was made. A mathematical model of a typical direct-connect type of icing test cell was developed and the governing equations were programmed for computer solution on FORTRAN computer language. A parametric study was performed to determine the effects of the test cell inlet and water spray conditions on the thermodynamic and kinetic state of the flow in the test section or at the engine compressor face. The importance of correctly simulating droplet size distribution, mean effective droplet diameter, liquid water content, and humidity was investigated. The results of the investigation lend further support to the fact that ground test facilities provide the best capability for conducting turbine engine icing tests. The ability to define and control the simulated environment gives an altitude test cell distinct advantages not enjoyed by flight testing in natural icing environments or flight testing in artificial environments created by tanker aircraft.
- Jet and Gas Turbine Engines