Photochemistry of TNT: Investigation of the 'Pink Water' Problem
NAVAL ORDNANCE LAB WHITE OAK MD
Pagination or Media Count:
Irradiated aqueous solutions of TNT pink water were found to contain numerous organic compounds. Eight photo-decomposition products, amounting to 20 by weight of the photolyzed TNT, have been identified as 1,3,5- trinitrobenzene, 2,4,6-trinitrobenzaldehyde, 4,6-dinitroanthranil, 2,4,6- trinitrobenzonitrile, and four isomers of tetranitroazoxytoluene. Suggestions are put forth on the nature of the 80 photo-decomposition products remaining unidentified in the pink water based on the photolysis results of the individual photo-products isolated. Evidence is also presented on the nature of the primary photolytic process based on deuterium exchange experiments and the measurement of photo-decomposition at various acidities.
- Radiation and Nuclear Chemistry
- Ammunition and Explosives