Study - Pilot Perceived Jettison Envelope
ARMY AVIATION SYSTEMS TEST ACTIVITY EDWARDS AFB CA
Pagination or Media Count:
The OH-6A, OH-58A, and AH-56A helicopters were evaluated to determine pilot sensed sideslip cues with respect to their influence on the jettison of external stores. The data were necessary to confirm previous studies with the UH-1C and CH-47C helicopters, and to expand the data to other helicopters and operating conditions. Tests were conducted at the United States Army Aviation Systems Test Activity, Edwards Air Force Base, California and at Yuma Proving Ground, Arizona. Additionally, data previously obtained for other test helicopters were analyzed to determine variation in static lateral-directional stability with altitude, gross weight, rotor speed, and center-of-gravity location. Results confirm that side force is the most significant cue to pilot recognition of uncoordinated flight. The pilots evaluation of side force was consistent for all aircraft and all test cases. During this evaluation, the pilots recognized lower side force values than during the UH-1C and CH-47C evaluations. Data analysis shows helicopter side-force characteristics to be relatively independent of atmospheric or operating conditions other than airspeed and sideslip angle. Helicopter lateral-directional stability characteristics and pilot recognition of side force can be combined to predict a minimum required jettison envelope for theoretical or actual flight vehicles. This procedure can be used for early definition of problem areas and to reduce the cost and risk associated with establishing flight envelopes.
- Fluid Mechanics