Physio-Chemical Study of Smoke Emission by Aircraft Interior Materials. Part I. Physiological and Toxicological Aspects of Smoke During Fire Exposure.
Final rept. Oct 69-Jun 73,
NATIONAL AVIATION FACILITIES EXPERIMENTAL CENTER ATLANTIC CITY N J
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A concise review of the physiological and toxicological aspects of smoke during fire exposure is presented. This report elucidates the chemical and physical parameters which lead to smoke development and subsequent light obscuration during pyrolysis and combustion. Analysis of recent fire statistics covering losses during the past decade is compiled and incorporated into the report. Various laboratory test procedures are summarized and a critique presented outlining their usefulness and problems encountered in interpretation of results obtained using these test procedures. A review of the physiological and toxicological parameters affecting human survival during fire exposure is given. Consideration is directed toward the specific hazards encountered during aircraft accidents involving fire. Recent reviews of the medical literature pertaining to fire injury is discussed in detail. Author, modified-PL
- Safety Engineering