The Syllable as a Source of Error in Multisyllable Word Recognition.
NORTHWESTERN UNIV EVANSTON ILL
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Two-syllable words were presented singly for study followed by a two-alternative, forced-choice recognition test. Half of the new words on the test I words were constructed by combining two syllables taken from two different study words, and half were neutral words C words. If, as a consequence of study, the memory for a word carries frequency information about each syllable of multisyllable words, the number of errors produced by choosing I words should be greater than the number produced by choosing C words. The results supported this expectation. Furthermore, differences which occurred during the test suggested that syllabic frequency was further increased during testing. Frequency induction to elements of larger units was proposed as the mechanism by which formal similarity influences recognition. Author