Superpower Naval Diplomacy in the Indo-Pakistani Crisis,
CENTER FOR NAVAL ANALYSES ARLINGTON VA
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When the Indo-Pakistani War broke out on 3 December 1971, both the U.S. and the USSR had normal naval contingents in the Indian Ocean. The war led to record force levels for both powers--14 combatants and auxiliaries for the U.S., 26 for the Soviets. There was another outsider on the scene--the British Far East Fleet, with at least 17 warships and auxiliaries. No satisfactory account has been published of superpower naval diplomacy during the crisis. U.S. aims are still uncertain. There is even less clarity about USSR behavior--the forces deployed, their targets and objectives. To unravel the naval events surrounding the Indo-Pakistan crisis might link policy and reflect on the whole in the light of previous cases of coercive diplomacy. Perhaps some lessons of general application can be derived.
- Government and Political Science
- Naval Surface Warfare
- Undersea and Antisubmarine Warfare