Organic and Mechanistic Organizational Climates and the Contingency Model.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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A study of 52 army mess halls tested the effects of organizational climate on group performance. The study showed that the mechanistic-organic dimension of the army company, the parent organization, moderates the relationship between leadership motivation measured by the Least-Preferred Coworker LPC score and the effectiveness of the mess hall, a subordinate unit. The study supported the hypothesis that the organic-mechanistic dimension was conceptually related to the situational favorableness dimension of Fiedlers Contingency Model, and that relationship-motivated high LPC leaders perform best in organizations which have an organic climate while task-motivated low LPC leaders function best in mechanistic climates. Author