Effects of Receiving Aid from a Friendly or Unfriendly Donor.
PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IND DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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The effect of receiving unexpected aid from an ally or from an enemy was investigated. Subjects participated as decision making groups in the Tactical and Negotiations Game TNG, an experimental simulation technique. After several periods of play, a programmed emergency occurred, which was in part relieved by the potentially altruistic aid from either subjects ally or from their enemy. The effect of the offer of aid on acceptance of the aid, attribution of intent of the donor, perceived value of the donation, perceived effort of the donor, and perceived obligation to the donor was measured. Subjects viewed the enemy as having more ulterior motives. They were more relieved to receive the donation when it came from an ally, and saw the donation as a greater sacrifice. Finally subjects felt more obligated to the enemy than to the ally donor. Author