A Study of the Potential Applications of Olfactory Research in Man.
FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY BETHESDA MD LIFE SCIENCES RESEARCH OFFICE
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The study provides a comprehensive review of the feasibility of developing and utilizing the chemical senses of the soldier. Experience in other countries suggests that a soldier trained to recognize olfactory cues is more effective in the field, more responsive to hazards, and less likely to give olfactory information to the enemy than one whose chemical senses are underutilized. Practical testing and training methods suited to that Armys needs have been lacking in the past, and basic knowledge of the mechanisms of olfaction and taste is incomplete. However, elements of a suitable technology have been identified. This technology appears suitable for further development within the Army research and development community. This report concludes that it is feasible for the Army to use these methods in determining classifications of personnel that require normal acuity of the chemical senses and to institute training programs. Regular testing for normal acuity of the chemical senses may uncover cases of some illnesses, indicate extensive exposures to ionizing radiation, and categorize personnel as either suitable or unfit for certain Army duties. If administered at recruitment, these tests can be used later to document disability claims for service-related losses of olfaction and taste. Author Modified Abstract
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations
- Anatomy and Physiology