Guide-Lines for Evaluating the Environmental Effects of Underwater Explosion Tests
NAVAL ORDNANCE LAB WHITE OAK MD
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The environmental effects of conventional underwater explosions are described and quantitative estimates provided where possible. These effects include noise, the deposit of chemical products in the sea and atmosphere, cratering and other bottom disturbances, and the killing of fish and other sea life. The long term effects on the environment are minimal. Nevertheless, knowledge of these is needed to avoid unnecessary harm and to fulfill legal and administrative requirements, including the preparation of Environmental Impact Statements. Also, explosion effects knowledge can be used during the planning stages to avert unnecessary delays or interference with essential military test programs.
- Water Pollution and Control