Theoretical Effect of Yield and Burst Height of Atmospheric Explosions on Rayleigh Wave Amplitudes
TELEDYNE GEOTECH ALEXANDRIA VA ALEXANDRIA LABS
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Theoretical seismograms for fundamental mode Rayleigh waves were calculated for atmospheric point sources over oceanic and over continental earth models, as recorded at an epicentral distance of 10,000 km. Yields were uniformly distributed over the range 1 kT to 10 MT, for source altitudes in the range 0.3 to 92.0 km. The earth structures used were those of Gutenberg and of Anderson and Toksoz. The source models were point mass-injection and energy- injection sources at altitude, as well as a distributed pressure pulse at the surface of the earth.