Incidental and Relevant Learning with Instructional Objectives.
FLORIDA STATE UNIV TALLAHASSEE COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION CENTER
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It was hypothesized that one role of objectives in learning is to serve as orienting stimuli by which the learner can decide which material to concentrate on, and which to pay less attention to. With a brief text to learn, 58 college students received either one-half of the 24 objectives for the text, or no objectives at all. As expected, the Ss with half of the objectives performed better than their counterparts without objectives on the posttest items referenced to their objectives relevant learning, and less well on the items not covered by their objectives incidental learning. That these findings conflict with previous research results with respect to incidental learning, could result from the fact that the Ss in the present study had practical experience with an objective-referenced instructional model. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations