Equity and Group Maintenance Specialization as Determinants of Reward Distribution,
MICHIGAN STATE UNIV EAST LANSING COMPUTER INST FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH
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It was hypothesized that the proportion of a groups earnings allocated to a nonproductive co-worker would be positively related to the extent of an allocators specialization in socio-emotional behavior. In the first of two studies, groups composed of four female subjects and a testing confederate who played the role of nonproductive co-worker earned money based upon the number of objects they identified correctly. Socio-emoitional specialization was measured by having all group members rank one another on how much of the groups earnings each member ought to receive. To determine if socio-emotional individuals gave the confederate a larger share of the groups earnings because they were altruistic or more committed to the principle of equal pay for equal time, selected subjects were later run in a second study where group maintenance was of little relevance. The results are discussed.