Crude Oil Behavior on Arctic Winter Ice
COAST GUARD WASHINGTON DC United States
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Oil spill behavior in an Arctic winter environment is investigated. Several small controlled oil spills were conducted on the Bering Sea in Northwestern Alaska. To duplicate a real world spill as closely as possible, a Prudhoe Bay crude oil was used as the test oil. Investigated were oil spread rate on snow and ice, oil absorbtion into snow and ice surfaces, aging of oil on snow and ice surfaces, and effectiveness of various cleanup procedures.