A comparison of Single-/ and Multiple-Misidentifications of Heard Words.
OHIO STATE UNIV RESEARCH FOUNDATION COLUMBUS
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A methodology for studying misidentifications of words between urban and nonurban speakers is suggested. One thousand five hundred and sixty one error responses written by 100 listeners to 100 stimulus words under a condition of 110 dB of ambient noise were analyzed. The error responses were compared in terms of multiple and single errors and the interconsonantal distance between the initial sound of the error response words. It was found that error responses tend to be duplicated by different listeners and multiple errors tend to have a smaller perceptual distance between the initial sound of the stimulus word and the initial sound of the error word than single errors. The results are discussed in terms of the non-random nature of written error responses and the possibility of interconsonantal distance as a factor in speech perception. Further research using cross populations is suggested. Author