Accession Number:

AD0750372

Title:

Laboratory Research on the Incineration of Mustard

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

EDGEWOOD ARSENAL ABERDEEN PROVING GROUND MD

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1972-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

16.0

Abstract:

On the basis of laboratory investigations made on two all-glass incinerators operating at 800C 1472F, it was found experimentally that a mustard destruction efficiency of better than 99.9994 can be assured. The level cited for efficiency is limited only by the relatively small amount of mustard burned up to 13.1 gmexperiment as reflected in the sensitivity threshold for mustard detection. Air flows tested represented oxygen supply to oxygen demand ratios of 1.13 to 9.94. The 1.13 ratio was sufficient for complete combustion. Experimental residence time of mustard at furnace temperature ranged from 0.14 to 2.22 sec. Scrubber tests under direct absorption conditions showed that sodium hydroxide and sodium bicarbonate allowed collection efficiencies of 99 of the hydrogen chloride and 95 of the sulfur oxides. Chemical analysis of scrubber salt composition and subjective odor tests versus pH, indicated that absence of odor can be assured from hot salt solution or dry salt, if the scrubber system is maintained above pH 7.5

Subject Categories:

  • Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE