Accession Number:

AD0750068

Title:

Hazards of Marine Transportation of Liquid Chlorine

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. Apr-Dec 1969

Corporate Author:

BUREAU OF MINES PITTSBURGH PA PITTSBURGH MINING AND SAFETY RESEARCH CENTER

Report Date:

1970-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

77.0

Abstract:

The Bureau of Mines has carried out a program of tests in which liquid chlorine was spilled onto a water surface and gaseous and liquid chlorine were released underwater. The scale of experiments ranged up to a 10-gallon 130 lb. spill and to a 72 lbhr leak rate under 15 feet of water. Rates of chlorine evaporation were observed photographically and the atmospheric dispersion of the toxic gas was followed by gas sampling. A concurrent laboratory-scale investigation was made of the rates of solution of gaseous chlorine in tap water, cold tap water, and brine. The enlargement of a pinhole during the underwater leakage of chlorine was also observed.

Subject Categories:

  • Industrial Chemistry and Chemical Processing
  • Safety Engineering

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE