Accession Number:

AD0747628

Title:

The Effect of Performance Relevance and Feedback upon Resistance to Anticipatory Stress,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1970-08-14

Pagination or Media Count:

27.0

Abstract:

The study sought to demonstrate that, in a threatening situation, if occurrence of harm depends upon performance relevance and information is supplied regarding performance quality feedback, resistance to stress will be enhanced even though stress magnitude probability of harm remains unchanged. Eighty aviation officer candidates were experimental subjects ten others were controls. A subject-paced, four-choice discrimination task was used, and all subjects were allowed an initial 5-minute practice session. Subjects anticipated either a noxious event electric shock or a benign event bell. Within each condition, four groups performed the task, each with a different combination of feedback and relevance with neither, with both, or with one or the other. Controls simply performed the task a second time. Results indicated that 1 anticipation in itself may be stressful 2 measured by changes in performance across time, stress resistance is enhanced by both feedback and relevance 3 stress magnitude is best measured by performance variability and 4 performance level, which is related by a U-shaped function to stress, may reflect motivational aspects of stress. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE