Ingredients for a Theory of Instruction.
STANFORD UNIV CALIF INST FOR MATHEMATICAL STUDIES IN THE SOCIAL SCIENCES
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The requirements for a theory of instruction are discussed and summarized in the following list of criteria a model of the learning process specification of admissible instructional actions specification of instructional objectives a measurement scale that permits costs to be assigned to each of the instructional actions and payoffs to the achievement of instructional objectives. If these four elements can be given a precise interpretation, then in general it is possible to derive optimal instructional strategies. Two examples involving the derivation of optimal strategies are considered. One deals with the development of a computer-assisted instruction program for teaching initial reading in the early grades the second example deals with learning a foreign-language vocabulary. In both cases, analyses based on control theoretic principles proved to be highly advantageous. Author
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