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Frequency Dependence of Sound Transmitted from an Airborne Source into the Ocean,
NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CALIF
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The predicted dependence of sound transmission on the statistics of the randomly-rough interface between dissimilar fluids has been studied by use of the Helmholtz Integral. The predictions have been verified for radiation from a helicopter hovering, and slowly moving, over the sea, for frequencies to 1000 Hz for a wide range of slowly moving, over the sea, for frequencies to 1000 Hz for a wide range of surface acoustical roughnesses. The roughness parameters are the rms height of the surface, propagation constant, speed of propagation and angle with the normal, respectively. The transmission change of sound pressure as a function of frequency is presented for several conditions of an SH3-D helicopter hovering and flying over or near an array of microphone and sonobuoy hydrophones. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE