A Method of Correcting P-Wave Magnitudes for the Effect of Earthquake Focal Mechanism
SAINT LOUIS UNIV MO DEPT OF EARTH AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES
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The paper presents a methodology for correcting body-wave magnitudes for the effect of focal mechanism in a routine manner. The method requires a knowledge of the prevailing or dominant mechanism for a geographic region, from which tables are constructed which enable one to make the necessary correction. Included in the paper are tables for Aleutian Island, Kamchatka and mid- Atlantic Ocean earthquakes. From a study of seven earthquakes, it is concluded that the present method gives essentially the same average magnitude with the same standard deviation as a more exact method of correcting for the focal mechanism. The latter method uses the focal-mechanism parameters of the earthquake, which must be determined independently for each earthquake.
- Geology, Geochemistry and Mineralogy