Investigation of Sinking Methods for Removal of Oil Pollution from Water Surfaces. Phase 2. Methods of Test for Laboratory Evaluation of Oil Sinking Materials
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS
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The objective of the program was to investigate materials that can be used in the cleanup of massive oil spills by sinking the oil. Laboratory tests were developed to evaluate the effectiveness of oil sinking materials under varying conditions. Tests were developed to determine Optimum oil sinking material retention potential Sinking efficiency Dynamic retention capability and Volatile loss-time characteristics of oil retained on glass wool. The tests developed are not applicable to Bunker C fuel oil due to its semisolid state at laboratory conditions. No significant difference was noted in results obtained due to water composition--fresh water or simulated sea water. It should be noted that screening tests indicate that very fine materials such as talcs, and materials such as chalks and asbestos, do not act as effective sinking agents without addition of surfactants which were not included.
- Water Pollution and Control