On the Calculation of Wind Stress Curl over Open Ocean Areas from Synoptic Meteorological Data with Application to Time Dependent Ocean Circulation.
WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION MASS
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The method used by N. P. Fofonoff for estimating wind stress curl from surface atmospheric pressure maps is developed for use with the National Meteorological Center analysis grid. A formula is developed relating the wind stress curl directly to geometrically apparent features of the surface pressure analyses. The sensitivity of the formula to small deviations in the basic pressure field is estimated. Some statistical properties of the resulting formula as applied to actual pressure analyses are investigated. In particular, the geostrophic wind estimated for two finite difference grids is compared to observed winds from an independent anemometer located at W.H.O.I. site D. The formula is applied at Bermuda and the results compared to the record from the tide gauge located there. A significant relation between wind stress curl and sea level is found after tidal and inverted barometer effects are suppressed. The formula is applied to time dependent motions of the Labrador Current as evidenced by iceberg drifts for the 1959 ice season. Agreement is found between calculated and observed iceberg motions on the eastern slope of the Grand Banks using Sverdrup dynamics. Author
- Physical and Dynamic Oceanography