The Influence of Vision on Susceptibility to Acute Motion Sickness Studies under Quantifiable Stimulus-Response Conditions,
NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL
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Twenty-four healthy men, 22 to 25 years of age, were exposed to stressful accelerations in a rotating room until acute mild motion sickness was elicited. Thirteen subjects in one group were exposed first with eyes open and later with eyes covered the verse order was used with the remaining eleven in the other group. The stressful accelerations were generated by requiring the subject to execute 120 standardized head movements at each 1-rpm increase in angular velocity until the desired endpoint was reached. This endpoint was 12 units on a scale where a score of 15 points represented the highest level of mild motion sickness and a score of 16, the lowest level of frank motion sickness. In the 48 experimental trials the average was 12.2 points when the endpoint was reached, and the range was 10 to 16 points. Thus, the terminal angular velocity required to achieve a given endpoint furnished a single value for comparing susceptibility between and among subjects the range was 4 to 14 rpm. When susceptibility to motion sickness with eyes open and covered is compared, 19 subjects were more susceptible with eyes open, three with eyes covered, and in the reamining two susceptibility was the same. Among subjects manifesting greater susceptibility with eyes open than covered the group differences were small, indicating little or no adaptation effects.
- Stress Physiology