Some Determinants of Error Responses in the Aural Identification of Words.
OHIO STATE UNIV COLUMBUS DEPT OF SPEECH
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E. W. Scripture proposed that errors in aural identification come with associations, ones of phonetic similarity and ones of meaning. An object of this study was to investigate the relative potency of these. Two sets of hypotheses were tested. First, errors in word perception are not identified with either associations of sound or of semantics. Second, there is no relationship between the intelligibility of a word and the relative similarity-dissimilarity of the word and listeners error-responses to the word. Additionally, a test was made of the extent to which the different intervals of a 9-point equal-appearing intervals scale is utilized in making judgments pertinent to the foregoing hypotheses. The results demonstrated that acoustic association is somewhat present in the errors that occur in speech perception. Scriptures further attribution of these errors to semantic association was also borne out to the extent that errors in aural perception of speech may have roots and derivations in common with the stimulus words. Thus both portions of the hypothesis that prompted the study were rejected. Likewise the hypothesis that there is no relationship between the intelligibility of a word and the similarity in sound between it and the error responses that are made to it was rejected. Author
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