Expectancy Theory Predictions of Academic Performance and Satisfaction.
WASHINGTON UNIV SEATTLE DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Expectancy theory models were used to predict the satisfaction, effort and performance of college students. This theory suggests that effort and satisfaction are related to the degree to which the behavior or job is seen as leading to various outcomes weighted multiplicatively by the evaluation of these outcomes. The job effort model was supported while the job satisfaction model was not. Including extensions of the effort model by adding others expectations and perceived influence increased the predictability of effort. The job performance model suggests that effort and ability combine to predict performance. An additive rather than a multiplicative combination of these two variables was found to best predict performance. The extensions and modifications of the theory are discussed in detail. Author