Accession Number:

AD0730474

Title:

The Effects of Airblast on Sheep in Two-Man Foxholes.

Descriptive Note:

Final rept.,

Corporate Author:

LOVELACE FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH ALBUQUERQUE N MEX

Report Date:

1971-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

32.0

Abstract:

The blast effects in rectangular two-man foxholes were evaluated using sheep. There were two open foxholes at ground ranges of 560, 650, 830, 940, and 1,300 feet from a 500-ton TNT charge. Because of an anomalous detonation, pressures measured adjacent to the foxhole layout were significantly below those predicted. Moreover, luminous jets emanating from the fireball produced shock waves that preceded the main shock. This gave rise to a blast wave with double shocks known generally to be less damaging to biological systems. All the sheep survived the blast. At the 560- and 650-foot ranges 37 and 21 p.s.i. some of the sheep sustained slight amounts of pulmonary hemorrhage. In addition, they exhibited a high incidence of eardrum rupture of a severe form. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE