Administrative Behavior Simulations and Perceptions of Organizational Effectiveness of Naval Officers.
MINNESOTA UNIV MINNEAPOLIS CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE AND HUMAN EFFECTIVENESS
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The study is part of a research program aimed at the description, measurement, and understanding of the personal value systems of Naval officers and their relevance to behavior. The reported behavior of 276 Naval officers in several areas, including problem-solving and perceptions of organizational effectiveness and its achievement by a work unit, is described. To the extent that actual behavior might be inferred from reported behavior, this group of Naval officers would be expected to make few unwarranted assumptions in making decisions, to take action rather than to proscrastinate, to withhold delegation of complete responsibility, and to be lenient with respect to disciplinary action. In addition, an open style of communication was noted, with officers requesting information and explaining the reasons for actions to subordinates. Perceptions of overall work effectiveness of the officers present units were not related to problem-solving styles. Officers also tended to view the importance of various characteristics to work effectiveness of a unit similarly, even though they were members of many different types of units and their perceptions of the overall effectiveness of these units varied. No relationships of practical significance were found between demographic variables and responses to the behavioral measures. Finally, homogeneous groups of Naval officers were identified and described on the basis of ratings of the importance of fifteen variables to the work effectiveness of a unit and in-basket scores. Author