Public Response to Community Shelter Planning: Des Moines and Polk County, Iowa. Appendices.
IOWA STATE UNIV AMES DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY
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The study investigated responses made by adults in Des Moines, Iowa, to the Community Shelter Plan CSP. A total of 938 interviews were completed during the study. This included adequate control samples before and after publication of CSP as well as panels. One panel was initiated before CSP, other were continued from the researchers earlier Home Fallout Protection Survey study. The CSP message included a plan allocating public fallout shelters to residents based on place of residence. It was published in the form of a 12-page Sunday newspaper advertising supplement. Attention given the message was about average with similar supplements slightly less than half of the total audience, but comprehension of the plan was low. Only seven percent of our control sample could recall the name or location of a shelter allocated for his use and only four percent could recall how they were instructed to travel to the shelter. Acceptance responses were low. A slight increase was observed in level of knowledge about a local civil defense program and in the anticipatory decision to concurrently adopt public or home shelter protection alternatives. The dispositional model did not hold well in predicting attention to CSP, but did hold in predicting comprehension and acceptance responses. Author
- Civil Defense