Motivational Theory As It Relates to Professional Updating.
CALIFORNIA UNIV IRVINE
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The paper focuses on expectancy-instrumentality-valence theory and attempts to apply it specifically to the problem of individuals motivation to undertake professional updating. The three key variables in this theoretical approach are the following Expectancies subjective probabilities that effort will lead to some kind of work-related e.g., good performance, effective updating, etc. accomplishment Expectancies subject probabilities that task accomplishment e.g., effective updating will lead to particular outcomes e.g., job security, promotion, pay increases, etc. and Valences of outcomes. This variable refers to the anticipated satisfaction that individuals think they will gain from a given outcome. The paper utilizes these three variables in a specific analysis of the updating situation, with emphasis placed on factors that are presumed to influence each variable. In particular, these factors are related both to what the individual brings to the situation and what the organization does to the situation. Thus, such factors as the individuals personality and self-esteem are considered, along with the organizations policies and practices, the behavior of supervisors and managers, and the impact of peer group and other work environment variables. Author
- Humanities and History