Transnational Working Group on the Dynamics of Conflict
Technical rept. no. 3, 1 Nov 1968-1 Mar 1969
CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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Research activities are reported on three topics within the area of conflict and conflict resolution 1 Interpersonal bargaining. The individuals pre-interaction orientation to the bargaining is found to be complexly related to his expectations about others orientations. Competitive individuals expect others to be competitive but cooperative individuals expect the entire range of orientation, from cooperative to competitive. The theoretical significance of this result is discussed. High incentives are found to have facilitative effects on the agreement process, but particularly so under conditions that are otherwise characterized by high conflict, viz, difficult bargaining problems and dyads with mixed or intermediate degrees of cooperative- competitive orientation. 2 The basis of ingroup-outgroup conflict A rationale and procedure is presented for experimental investigation of the development of preferential behavior toward ingroup members as opposed to outgroup persons. 3 The effect of within-group relations on intergroup conflict Pilot studies are described dealing with the effects of homogeneity vs. heterogeneity of attitudes within a group upon its relations with an outgroup, and the effects of the past history of treatment of a potentially disloyal and weaker subgroup whether fair or unfair upon the appeals made to it by the stronger subgroup for the purpose of preventing it from defecting to a competing outgroup.