Accession Number:

AD0726173

Title:

Nystagmus and Visual Performance During Sinusoidal Stimulation of the Vertical Semicircular Canals,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

NAVAL AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB PENSACOLA FL

Report Date:

1971-03-10

Pagination or Media Count:

22.0

Abstract:

Men were positioned on their sides and oscillated sinusoidally about an Earth-vertical axis. Initially, nystagmus slow phase velocity was about equal during the forward-and backward-pitch halves of the stimulus cycle in darkness but when subjects tracked a dimly illuminated aircraft instrument, slow phase velocity during forward pitch was about ten times that during backward pitch. Consequently, tracking errors were much greater during forward pitch. Change in luminance level from 0.01 ft-L to 1.0 ft-L produced small, statistically significant decrements in slow phase velocity and substantial improvements in tracking performance. Following this part of the experiment, nystagmus was again recorded in darkness. There was a differential decline in slow phase velocity, the slow-phase-down response showing significantly greater decline. Stimulus-response phase relations were also altered for the slow-phase- down response, but were unaltered for the slow-phase-up response. It is proposed that interactions between eyelid and eyeball movements caused different frequencies of upbeating and downbeating nystagmus which, in turn, produced different visual suppression of slow phase velocity in the two halves of the stimulus cycle. The asymmetric visual suppression may have contributed to the asymmetric habituation of the two reactions. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE